Case Study: Thailand Biomass Generator Project, 2013

In 2013 Bert and his family were invited to visit Princess Siridhorn of the Thai Royal Family because Bert and his family were working on natural farming methods that included composting and vermiculture for soil but also the usage of small bio-digesters for fuel source in Eastern Thailand near the Cambodian border.  At the visit the princess asked Bert to put together plans for large bio-digesters to present to the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Energy.  As the bi-digester would be for the same region Bert needed to find adequate feedstock to ensure the year-round operation of the digester.  Bert called upon Dan Seiler to help him design a bio-digester for the region.  In the search for feed-stock Bert determined that with all that was available two industrial sources were the most promising.  The tapioca industry generated the most waste with 60-70% of the plant being bio-waste.  This waste was not produced year-round but enough was created that a stock could be maintained to be used as green feeder.  Rice production also produced ample stick of chaff that was easy to stock pile and was a great source of brown stock for the bio-digester.  Common water hyacinth was available in droves as an evasive species and grew quickly in all the waterways in Thailand.  The water plant could be harvested hear around and provided ample stock for bio-digesters.  The biomass digester that was developed would also use pig manure to speed up the process.  The combined designed system would collect the gas, pressurize the gas, and store the gas in an onsite collection unit.  Microturbines were used to provide all power generation or the site.  The feed stock was donated to the site as it was an industry waste product.  The plans were developed and delivered to the Ministries of Energy and Agriculture.  Once approved the plans were put into a bid and released to industry where a Japanese company won the bid to construction and management of the system for 20 years.  

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